History of Philadelphia Pennsylvania

History in Philadelphia

Philadelphia is one of the oldest cities in America and home to many historical landmarks. Here are some of the things you can see while exploring the city.

Independence National Historical Park - Located just outside Philadelphia, Independence National Historical Park preserves the site of the signing of the Declaration of Independence and the U.S. Constitution. You can tour the buildings where it happened, including the Pennsylvania State House, which now serves as the US Capitol building.

The Betsy Ross House - This house in Philadelphia served as the headquarters of the American flag design committee during the Revolutionary War. Today, it houses a museum dedicated to the story of the creation of the American flag.

Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts - Founded in 1805, PAFA is the second oldest art academy in the United States. Its collection contains paintings by European masters such as Rembrandt, Rubens, Van Dyck and Gainsborough.

National Museum of American Jewish History - Established in 1976, the National Museum of American Jewish History tells the stories of Jews in the United States. Exhibits include items like the Star of David, a Torah scroll and a menorah.

Franklin Institute Science Museum - A science museum located inside Benjamin Franklin Parkway, the Franklin Institute features interactive exhibits about physics, chemistry, biology and astronomy. Visitors can learn how electricity works, explore the human body and even try out different jobs.

Museum of the American Revolution

The Museum of the American Revolution is dedicated to telling the story of our nation’s founding and preserving its enduring values. We are committed to inspiring visitors—and Americans themselves—to embrace those values and become active participants in creating a better future.

We believe that history matters because it helps us understand ourselves and our world; it provides context for understanding current issues; it offers insights into how we got here today; and it reminds us of what makes America exceptional.

Our mission is to inspire curiosity and action through exhibitions, programs, publications, educational resources, public programming, digital initiatives, and partnerships.

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History and Culture

The National Park Service offers free online resources about our nation's history and culture. Here are some highlights:

• Explore the Declaration of Independence and Constitution of the United States.

• Learn about the American Revolution and how it changed America.

• Find out what life was like during the Civil War.

• Discover the many ways you can celebrate Independence Day.

• Read about the history of the Statue of Liberty.

• Get information about the White House and learn about President George Washington.

• See images from the Gettysburg Address.

• Learn about Native Americans and discover the history of Thanksgiving.

• Visit museums and galleries across the country.

• Watch videos about famous people and events.

• Browse maps and photos.

• Listen to audio stories narrated by actors and historians.

• Connect with others interested in learning more about our great country.

• And much more!

143 S 3rd St, Philadelphia, PA 19106


19th century

The centennial exposition in Philadelphia attracted visitors from around the world. The fairgrounds covered over 50 acres and had buildings constructed specifically for the event. A major attraction was the Centennial Exhibition Building, which housed exhibits from countries across the globe. The building was designed by architect Daniel Burnham and built by the architectural firm Graham, Anderson, Probst & White.

A memorial hall was erected in Fairmount Park to commemorate those who died during the Civil War. The memorial hall was designed by architects John McArthur Jr., James H. Windrim, and Henry Mather Greene. The structure was modeled after the Temple of Diana in Rome.

In addition to the exhibition and memorial halls, the fairgrounds contained numerous structures used for commerce. One such structure was the American Cotton Exchange Building, designed by architect Frank Furness. Another was the Pennsylvania Railroad Station, designed by architect Horace Trumbauer.

Montgomery Dr, Philadelphia, PA 19131

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The Whistleblower Advocates

This content is made possible by The Whistleblower Advocates in Philadelphia.

The Whistleblower Advocates is a Philadelphia-based whistleblower law company. They help anyone who wants to report unlawful, fraudulent, or dishonest behavior by a person or organization. They routinely engage with whistleblowers in the healthcare, construction, mortgage, and other industries where fraud is committed against local, state, and civil governments, as well as environmental fraud. They are devoted whistleblower lawyer serving the Philadelphia area. Norristown, Plymouth Meeting, King of Prussia, Elkins Park, Wayne, Andalusia, Springfield, and Swarthmore are among the communities served by the legal firm.

They are located at 123 S Broad St #1670-B Philadelphia, PA 19109, and can be reached at (215) 402-2183.

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The Liberty Bell - Independence National Historical Park

The Liberty Bell - Independence National Historical Park

The Liberty Bell - Independence National Historical Park

This historic bell, known as the Liberty Bell, was cast in 1751 by Philadelphia silversmith John Pass and his apprentice John Stow. This bell was used to summon people to public meetings and events such as town hall meetings and elections. After being struck by lightning in 1847, it cracked. Today, visitors see the crack on the bell face.

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A Brief History of Philadelphia

Philadelphia was founded in 1682 by William Penn, an English Quaker. He named it after his mother, Mary, Queen of Scots, who died while he was still a child. When Penn arrived in America, he found the area already settled by Europeans, including French Huguenots, Germans, Swiss, and Dutch.

Penn wanted to establish a colony free of religious persecution, so he invited immigrants from England, Scotland, Ireland, Wales, Germany, Switzerland, France, and Holland to settle there.

The original settlement consisted of about 200 people living in log cabins along the riverbank. They grew crops such as corn, wheat, rye, barley, pumpkins, beans, peas, squash, tobacco, and sunflowers. They raised livestock like cows, pigs, sheep, goats, horses, mules, geese, ducks, turkeys, chickens, pigeons, and rabbits. They hunted deer, bears, foxes, squirrels, raccoons, opossums, muskrats, otters, eels, fish, turtles, frogs, lizards, snakes, crayfish, crabs, clams, oysters, and lobsters. They caught insects, worms, grasshoppers, caterpillars, butterflies, bees, ants, beetles, and flies.

The early settlers lived off the land, growing food and raising animals. They traded with each other and with Native American tribes. They used tools and weapons made from wood, stone, metal, and bone. Their homes were made of logs, mud brick, wattle and daub, clay bricks, straw bales, and sod.

In 1704, Penn granted a charter to the City of Philadelphia, making it one of the oldest cities in North America. By 1800, Philadelphia had become the largest city in British North America.



Philadelphia is home to some of America’s most famous culinary delights, such as cheesesteaks, strombolis, scrapple, and Philly cheesecake. But did you know that there are so many delicious local dishes to try? From traditional American fare like chicken wings and pizza to unique regional favorites like borscht and kielbasa, here are 10 things you must eat while visiting the City of Brotherly Love.

1310 Drury St, Philadelphia, PA 19107


Law and government

The City of Philadelphia is a political subdivision of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. It consists of several independent cities and townships within Philadelphia County. As such, it is a legal nullity.

Philadelphia County is a political subdivision of Pennsylvania. It consists primarily of the City of Philadelphia and some smaller municipalities. In addition, there are five separate boroughs within Philadelphia County. These boroughs are considered part of the county, although technically they are independent entities.

601 Market St, Philadelphia, PA 19106


Trade and transportation
Trade and transportation

Trade and transportation

Philadelphia International Airport is undergoing a major $900 million infrastrucureal expansion to increase passenger capacity, enhance passenger experience, and improve airport operations. The project includes construction of three new terminals, a new cargo terminal, a new parking garage, a new air traffic control tower, and a new runway extension. In addition, the airport is expanding its existing facilities, including a new central baggage claim area, expanded ticketing areas, and improved security screening.

The airport expects to complete the work by 2023. The project is expected to generate approximately 2,500 jobs during construction and another 500 permanent positions once completed.

8000 Essington Ave, Philadelphia, PA 19153




Philadelphia is home to many national historic sites that relate to the Founding of the United States. Independence National Historical Park is one of those places. It is the center of these historic landmarks being one of the countries' 22 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the Declaration of Independence, the Liberty Bell, and the site where George Washington took command of the Continental Army during the American Revolution.

Other national historic sites include the houses of Edgar Allan Poe and Thomas Jefferson, early government buildings such as the First and the Second Banks of the United States, and Fort Mifflin. Philadelphia itself has 67 cultural institutions, including the Franklin Institute, which has the Benjamins Franklin National Memorial; the academy of natural sciences; the Mütter museum; and the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and anthropology.

Philadelphia, PA 19106



Frequently Asked Questions

Philadelphia, the country's first World Heritage City, is also the birthplace of the United States, where our Founding Fathers met, debated, and formed a new country. Fortunately for visitors in the twenty-first century, so much of Philadelphia's history has been preserved.

William Penn establishes Philadelphia as the capital of the English Crown Province of Pennsylvania in 1682. William Penn Charter School is established in 1689. Penn appoints Humphrey Morrey as the city's first mayor in 1691. Consecration of the Swedish Lutheran Gloria Dei Church in 1700.

Penn named the city "Philadelphia" after signing a friendship treaty with a Lenape chief named Tammany in what is now Philadelphia's Fishtown (it was called Shackamaxon at the time). "Philadelphia" means "brotherly love" in Greek.